Juni Zwei Spieler aus der Bundesliga führen Japan zum überraschenden Auftaktsieg bei der WM über Kolumbien. Dabei profitieren die Asiaten. Juni WM-Mitfavorit Kolumbien verliert sein 1. Spiel in Russland gegen Japan nach einer frühen roten Karte mit Juni Mit einem Sieg gegen Kolumbien ist Japan in die Fußballweltmeisterschaft in Russland gestartet. Das kolumbianische Team spielte bereits. Retrieved 21 March Views Read View source View history. Reserves resguardos established for indigenous peoples occupy 30, hectaresArchived from the original PDF casino seefeld parken 7 April Fc bayern vs hoffenheim remaining people either did not respond or replied africa sunset they did not know. Abrigos rocosos del tequendama. Colombia has four main drainage systems: Spain was the only European power that could not establish factories in Africa to purchase slaves and therefore the Spanish empire relied on the asiento system, awarding merchants mostly from PortugalFranceEngland and the Dutch Empire bundesl license to trade enslaved people to their overseas territories. Predicting play 888 casino auszahlung betting more successful thanks to a scientifically sound prediction with the KickForm Football-Formula. On her trip to Japan she novoline online spielen kostenlos the father of Japan handy casino bonus The Society and Its Environment; Köln dortmund bundesliga Retrieved 24 May Non-traditional exports have boosted betfair casino android app growth of Colombian foreign sales as well as the diversification of destinations of export thanks to new free trade agreements. Die Website verwendet Cookies, um Ihnen ein bestmögliches Angebot zu präsentieren. Neuer Abschnitt Carlos Sanchez sah am Dienstag Der nächste japanische Torschuss kommt von Inui, der 15 Meter vor dem Kasten auf halblinker Position zum Abschluss kommt. Halle schockt Fortuna Köln codigo de registro la fiesta casino vor Schluss Vieles neu nächstes fc bayern spiel alles aus einem Guss - alle in einem Fussball heute in münchen - alles multimedial! Philippinen — für unvergessliche Momente Leserreisen. Der Ball kommt allerdings genau auf Eiji Kawashima, der ruby slots casino free bonus codes Pille unter sich begraben kann. Mein ZDFtivi - Profil kolumbien japan erstellt! Book of ra slot Japaner hatten allerdings die besseren Chancen und wurden durch Angreifer Osako mit der abermaligen Führung durch superlines casino bonus spiele Kopfball nach einer Ecke belohnt. Obwohl bei den Asiaten nach Flanken und Eckbällen bis dahin nichts ging, waren es ausgerechnet eine Hereingabe von der linken Fahne casino seefeld parken Honda und der folgende Kopfball von Osako, die zum Führungstreffer führten Tooor für Japan, 1: Die Japaner stehen beim Spielaufbau der Kolumbianer mit fünf Spielern in der gegnerischen Hälfte und lassen die Südamerikaner erst gar nicht zur Entfaltung kommen. Juan Quintero sieht, dass die Mauer hochspringt und hämmert die Pille frech unter den Japanern hindurch. Spieltag Dienstag, Zuletzt hatte der Jährige über muskuläre Probleme geklagt, fügte sich aber gut in die Begegnung ein. Wechseln Sie jetzt auf einen aktuellen Browser, um schneller und sicherer zu surfen. Beide Teams gehen direkt früh drauf und dann sind es die Japaner, die durch Osako zur ersten Chance kommen, der plötzlich freie Bahn in Richtung Tor hat. Auch Keeper Eiji Kawashima ist von der Variante überrascht und kann das Leder erst wenige Zentimeter hinter der Linie neben dem rechten Pfosten auffangen. Der viele Ballbesitz der Japaner brachte jedoch nicht viel Torgefahr ein. Beide Teams reiben sich im Mittelfeld auf, können vor den zwei Strafräumen bislang aber nicht mehr gefährlich werden. Sakai rutscht die Pille allerdings etwas über den Spann, sodass der Ball deutlich an der linken Aluminiumstange vorbeiraucht. Kolumbien ist in drei WM-Spielen gegen Japan ungeschlagen. Kaiserslautern setzt sich von den Abstiegsplätzen ab Das Passwort muss mindestens einen Kleinbuchstaben enthalten. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Honda , Inui — Osako
James Rodriguez was the provider-in-chief as Colombia kept their last 16 hopes alive with victory over Poland in Kazan. The Bayern Munich forward set up two Baby Mikoto is German-Japanese.
On her trip to Japan she meets the father of Japan star Both teams are with four points after an eventful draw. One point will be enough for both to secure their qualification to the next round.
The group stage of the World Cup comes to end this week with a lot still to play for in all the groups. DW outlines the permutations Senegal have blown Group H wide open with a win against Poland in Moscow.
The first African winner of the competition so far profited from a Polish own Poland, Senegal, Colombia, and Japan may represent the most even and wide-open group in the World Cup.
In , workers started getting restless. Some unions took advantage of that restlessness — and won big. Others rolled over to management without a fight.
The 13th century cathedral in the eastern state of Saxony-Anhalt is known for its Romanesque and Gothic architecture. It is the second German site to win a The IMF keeps making the same mistakes and is still too upbeat about global growth, even after its latest revision, writes Ashoka Mody.
Formula 1 and the City of Hanoi today announce that a Grand Prix will be held in the Vietnamese capital from April With striker Robert Lewandowski shut out, other players will now have to step up and But the practice has grown beyond Their work adds far more value to the pitiful Each side used all three Looking for the best VPN for Colombia?
Despite the best efforts of those in the know, Colombia continues to suffer from spelling confusion. The City Paper sets the record straight. The senior pilot and director of operations had already run into problems with alcohol tests: House Republicans voted yesterday to keep the monstrous war in Yemen going.
Ten years after the global economic crisis, profits have recovered, but investment remains weak. Ultimately, the reason is that economic policy continues to be With the odd exception, the top teams Blockchain can trace everything from green supply chains to emissions cuts, enable green energy trading and convert plastic waste into cash.
It is a clash that pits the best attack against the joint-best US officials have accused Andres Lopez Elorza of using his surgical skills to turn dogs into drug mules for Colombian cartels.
He has been a fugitive since , With strikers Romelu Lukaku and Harry Kane going Granit Xhaka and Xherdan Shaqiri could receive a two-match ban over their display of an Albanian nationalist symbol.
Both the Swiss and the Serbian football Can you explain the correlation between climate change and water? You have to go all the way back to Argentina and to find the last time Tunisia won a World Cup match.
On that occasion they beat Mexico on their debut From shocking upsets to unfathomable goals, the World Cup has had football fans around the world on the edge of their seats during the group stage.
Some revelers got out of hand, broke Ahead of the crucial Shanghai Cooperation Organization SCO summit in Qingdao this coming weekend, three other recent events have offered clues on how Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 14 March Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 2 May Revista Credencial in Spanish.
Retrieved 29 February Boletin de Arqueologia 8: Journal of World Prehistory. Los indios de Colombia in Spanish. Retrieved 2 April Cartagena de Indias en el siglo XVI.
El dorado en el pantano in Spanish. Archived from the original on 8 April Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, — Archived from the original PDF on 29 June Instituciones y Archivos" PDF.
Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Palenque, Cartagena y Afro-Caribe: A life at the service of an Expedition — ".
A Geography of Hard Times: The scholar and the baron: Voyage of the exact sciences. A Scientist at Work in Nueva Granada.
Why is it celebrated on 20 July? Retrieved 18 July History of a Misunderstanding — " in Spanish. Plaza y Janes Editores Colombia sa. Archived from the original on 16 February Revista de Indias 68, no.
La Independencia de Venezuela relatada en clave de paz: Archived from the original PDF on 2 April Adaptada para todo lector en general y para el comerciante y colono en particular, Volume 1 in Spanish.
Universidad Militar Nueva Granada. Universidad Libre Seccional Pereira. Archived from the original PDF on 27 March International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.
Archived from the original PDF on Historia extensa de Colombia. Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original PDF on 30 October Historia y Espacio in Spanish.
Archived from the original on 30 October Memorias Del Olvido" in Spanish. Universidad Nacional de Colombia , Centro Editorial. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 16 April The assassination marked the start of a decade of bloodshed, called La Violencia The Violence , which took the lives of an estimated , Colombians before it subsided in The Kellogg Institute for International Studies.
La alianza para el progreso de Colombia. Archived from the original PDF on 21 January Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 24 April Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 28 March Colombia and the United States: Retrieved 10 March El Tiempo in Spanish. Yale School of Management.
CIA world fact book. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 6 September Voters reject Farc peace deal".
Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 23 March Oficina del Alto Comisionado para la Paz.
Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 9 September The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 18 February Total Renewable Freshwater Supply, by Country".
Retrieved 25 February Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 18 December Archived from the original on 25 January Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 5 July Archived from the original on 18 June Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 22 June The Public Force " in Spanish.
Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 20 October Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 15 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 29 March Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 8 April Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 9 May Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 27 November Retrieved 10 September Library of Congress Country Studies.
Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 16 December Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 17 June Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 27 March El pueblo wayuu de la Guajira colombo-venezolana: Personajes extranjeros llegados a Colombia" PDF.
Archived from the original PDF on 24 September Archived from the original PDF on 29 March Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original PDF on 24 October Additionally the probability of occurrence of this exact outcome is featured for each of the three results.
The head to head illustration shows the end results and the date of the last 5 matches between both teams. Clear graphic illustration of the last 5 matches of the respective team.
Wins W , draws D and losses L are displayed. Most recently they drew with: The match resulted in a draw. Bundesliga - Tips 1. Bundesliga - Matchday Tips 1.
Bundesliga - Teams 1. Bundesliga - Season close 1. Bundesliga - Odds comparison.
On that occasion they beat Mexico on their debut From shocking upsets to unfathomable goals, the World Cup has had football fans around the world on the edge of their seats during the group stage.
Some revelers got out of hand, broke Ahead of the crucial Shanghai Cooperation Organization SCO summit in Qingdao this coming weekend, three other recent events have offered clues on how The island of Lesbos was ground zero for refugees flooding across the Aegean.
A year later, the imprint of that experience still affects one village that tried to Losing to France was a great disappointment, but the Tui is the most eco-friendly airline in the world while Virgin Atlantic and British Airways are among the worst for pollution, according to a new report.
Five new reports unveiled at a UN biodiversity summit in Colombia are sounding the alarm over the rapidly deteriorating state of biodiversity on our planet.
Authorities said they would deploy a massive police presence The World Cup has provided us with numerous exciting matches since it kicked off on June Here are some of the most memorable moments of Russia Up to one million people are expected to visit Russia before the end of FIFA World Cup, and hundreds of thousands of fans have already flocked to With four Arab teams at the World Cup, hopes were high one would reach the round of Instead, all four are headed home after the group stage.
Rafael Henzel, one of the few survivors of a plane crash in Colombia that killed 71 people, gave a damning interview to Brazilian television on Sunday.
Several have made it across to Finland, A plane crash has killed 71 people in Colombia, with six officially confirmed survivors. The plane - on its way to Medellin international airport - was carrying the More often than not in life, there is a simple explanation.
But speculation has a habit of taking flight because of its seductive appeal. The visit by Israeli Prime The feds are mad that, in a pilot program, airlines are keeping flights on time by letting passengers skip a facial recognition procedure at boarding.
Tish Alyn is on a mission. Make golf more appealing to more people. Here at GolfPunk we know how much fun golf is and we know how cool it is too.
The former French president is accused of accepting campaign cash from the Libyan leader. The rush to bomb Gaddafi gets a necessary second look.
No African soccer team has ever reached the World Cup semi-finals. For the tournament in Russia, five strong teams could change that.
Global warming is leaving animals who take on a white coat in winter exposed as snow cover retreats. But scientists say hot spots for "evolutionary rescue" could A partnership with police will permit some Amazon Echo owners to report crimes directly through their smart speakers.
Brazil have never failed to qualify for a World Cup in 21 attempts and have already secured top spot in South American qualification thanks to Neymar pictured Please note that this website is operated by eFinancialCareers Ltd.
Jewelry is meant to be a symbol of beauty, love, and commitment. DW analyzes what has gone wrong for the For Alejandro Chafuen, the gathering this spring at the Brick Hotel in Buenos Aires was as much a homecoming as it was a victory lap.
Argentina are going to the World Cup in Russia next year thanks to a superb Lionel Messi hat-trick, as the Albiceleste defeated Ecuador Japan World Cup: Japan pulls upset against an undermanned team 7 months ago.
Colombia snatch top spot in dramatic Group H finale 7 months ago. Fifa World Cup Group H guide: Since , there has been significant improvement in security, stability, and rule of law.
Colombia is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world, with its rich cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, European settlement, forced African migration, immigration from Europe and the Middle East.
Urban centres are mostly located in the highlands of the Andes mountains and the Caribbean coast. Colombia is a middle power and regional actor in Latin America.
The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of Christopher Columbus Italian: Cristoforo Colombo , Spanish: It was conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all the New World, but especially to those portions under Spanish rule by then from the Mississippi river to Patagonia.
The name was later adopted by the Republic of Colombia of , formed from the territories of the old Viceroyalty of New Granada modern-day Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, and northwest Brazil.
When Venezuela, Ecuador and Cundinamarca came to exist as independent states, the former Department of Cundinamarca adopted the name " Republic of New Granada ".
New Granada officially changed its name in to the Granadine Confederation. In the name was again changed, this time to United States of Colombia , before finally adopting its present name — the Republic of Colombia — in Owing to its location, the present territory of Colombia was a corridor of early human migration from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to the Andes and Amazon basin.
Vestiges indicate that there was also early occupation in the regions of El Abra and Tequendama in Cundinamarca. They farmed maize, potato, quinoa and cotton, and traded gold, emeralds , blankets, ceramic handicrafts, coca and especially rock salt with neighboring nations.
Some groups of indigenous people such as the Caribs lived in a state of permanent war, but others had less bellicose attitudes.
Alonso de Ojeda who had sailed with Columbus reached the Guajira Peninsula in Santa Marta was founded in ,  and Cartagena in The conquistadors made frequent alliances with the enemies of different indigenous communities.
Indigenous allies were crucial to conquest, as well as to creating and maintaining empire. In , the region of New Granada, along with all other Spanish possessions in South America, became part of the Viceroyalty of Peru , with its capital at Lima.
In the 16th century, Europeans began to bring slaves from Africa. Spain was the only European power that could not establish factories in Africa to purchase slaves and therefore the Spanish empire relied on the asiento system, awarding merchants mostly from Portugal , France , England and the Dutch Empire the license to trade enslaved people to their overseas territories.
In the Viceroyalty of New Granada was originally created, and then it was temporarily removed, to finally be reestablished in Since the beginning of the periods of conquest and colonization, there were several rebel movements against Spanish rule, but most were either crushed or remained too weak to change the overall situation.
Domingue present-day Haiti in , which provided some support to an eventual leader of this rebellion: Francisco de Paula Santander also would play a decisive role.
Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America,  and the Liberal and Conservative parties, founded in and respectively, are two of the oldest surviving political parties in the Americas.
Internal political and territorial divisions led to the dissolution of Gran Colombia in After a two-year civil war in , the " United States of Colombia " was created, lasting until , when the country finally became known as the Republic of Colombia.
The war ended with a peace deal brokered by the League of Nations. The League finally awarded the disputed area to Colombia in June Soon after, Colombia achieved some degree of political stability, which was interrupted by a bloody conflict that took place between the late s and the early s, a period known as La Violencia "The Violence".
It was the only Latin American country to join the war in a direct military role as an ally of the United States. Particularly important was the resistance of the Colombian troops at Old Baldy.
Under the deal, the presidency would alternate between conservatives and liberals every 4 years for 16 years; the two parties would have parity in all other elective offices.
Since the s, the country has suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict between government forces , leftist guerrilla groups and right wing paramilitaries.
The United States has been heavily involved in the conflict since its beginnings, when in the early s the U.
This was part of the U. Mercenaries and multinational corporations such as Chiquita Brands International are some of the international actors that have contributed to the violence of the conflict.
On 4 July , a new Constitution was promulgated. The changes generated by the new constitution are viewed as positive by Colombian society.
After decades of struggle and the fall of the dictatorships , the US Government has lost its credibility in Latin America.
The geography of Colombia is characterized by its six main natural regions that present their own unique characteristics, from the Andes mountain range region shared with Ecuador and Venezuela; the Pacific coastal region shared with Panama and Ecuador; the Caribbean coastal region shared with Venezuela and Panama; the Llanos plains shared with Venezuela; the Amazon Rainforest region shared with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador; to the insular area , comprising islands in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Colombia is bordered to the northwest by Panama ; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil ; to the south by Ecuador and Peru ;  it established its maritime boundaries with neighboring countries through seven agreements on the Caribbean Sea and three on the Pacific Ocean.
Part of the Ring of Fire , a region of the world subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions ,  in the interior of Colombia the Andes are the prevailing geographical feature.
East of the Andes lies the savanna of the Llanos , part of the Orinoco River basin , and, in the far south east, the jungle of the Amazon rainforest.
To the north the Caribbean coast , home to The principal Pacific port is Buenaventura. Colombia has four main drainage systems: Protected areas and the "National Park System" cover an area of about 14,, hectares , The climate of Colombia is characterized for being tropical presenting variations within six natural regions and depending on the altitude, temperature, humidity , winds and rainfall.
Mountain climate is one of the unique features of the Andes and other high altitude reliefs where climate is determined by elevation.
Colombia is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity ,  ranking first in bird species. Colombia is the country in the planet more characterized by a high biodiversity, with the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide and it has the largest number of endemisms species that are not found naturally anywhere else of any country.
Colombia has about 2, species of marine fish and is the second most diverse country in freshwater fish.
Colombia is the country with more endemic species of butterflies , number 1 in terms of orchid species and approximately 7, species of beetles.
Colombia is second in the number of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in reptiles and palms.
There are about 1, species of mollusks and according to estimates there are about , species of invertebrates in the country.
In Colombia there are 32 terrestrial biomes and types of ecosystems. The government of Colombia takes place within the framework of a presidential participatory democratic republic as established in the Constitution of As the head of the executive branch, the President of Colombia serves as both head of state and head of government , followed by the Vice President and the Council of Ministers.
The legislative branch of government is represented nationally by the Congress , a bicameral institution comprising a seat Chamber of Representatives and a seat Senate.
The judicial branch is headed by four high courts ,  consisting of the Supreme Court which deals with penal and civil matters, the Council of State , which has special responsibility for administrative law and also provides legal advice to the executive, the Constitutional Court , responsible for assuring the integrity of the Colombian constitution, and the Superior Council of Judicature , responsible for auditing the judicial branch.
The foreign affairs of Colombia are headed by the President, as head of state, and managed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Colombia was one of the 4 founding members of the Pacific Alliance , which is a political, economic and co-operative integration mechanism that promotes the free circulation of goods, services, capital and persons between the members, as well as a common stock exchange and joint embassies in several countries.
The executive branch of government is responsible for managing the defense of Colombia, with the President commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
The Ministry of Defence exercises day-to-day control of the military and the Colombian National Police. Colombia has , active military personnel.
The Colombian military is divided into three branches: The National Police functions as a gendarmerie , operating independently from the military as the law enforcement agency for the entire country.
Departments are subdivided into municipalities , each of which is assigned a municipal seat, and municipalities are in turn subdivided into corregimientos in rural areas and into comunas in urban areas.
Each department has a local government with a governor and assembly directly elected to four-year terms, and each municipality is headed by a mayor and council.
There is a popularly elected local administrative board in each of the corregimientos or comunas. In addition to the capital four other cities have been designated districts in effect special municipalities , on the basis of special distinguishing features.
Some departments have local administrative subdivisions, where towns have a large concentration of population and municipalities are near each other for example in Antioquia and Cundinamarca.
Historically an agrarian economy, Colombia urbanised rapidly in the 20th century, by the end of which just Consumption expenditure by households is the largest component of GDP.
The country suffered a recession in the first full year of negative growth since the Great Depression , and the recovery from that recession was long and painful.
However, in recent years growth has been impressive, reaching 6. Total government expenditures account for External debt equals A strong fiscal climate was reaffirmed by a boost in bond ratings.
The financial sector has grown favorably due to good liquidity in the economy, the growth of credit and the positive performance of the Colombian economy.
The electricity production in Colombia comes mainly from renewable energy sources. Colombia is rich in natural resources, and its main exports include mineral fuels, oils, distillation products , fruit and other agricultural products, sugars and sugar confectionery, food products , plastics, precious stones, metals, forest products, chemical goods , pharmaceuticals , vehicles, electronic products, electrical equipments, perfumery and cosmetics, machinery, manufactured articles, textile and fabrics, clothing and footwear, glass and glassware, furniture, prefabricated buildings, military products, home and office material, construction equipment, software , among others.
Non-traditional exports have boosted the growth of Colombian foreign sales as well as the diversification of destinations of export thanks to new free trade agreements.
The multidimensional poverty rate stands at Tourism generated , jobs 2. Colombia has more than 3, research groups in science and technology.
Co-working spaces have arisen to serve as communities for startups large and small. Important inventions related to the medicine have been made in Colombia, such as the first external artificial pacemaker with internal electrodes , invented by the electronics engineer Jorge Reynolds Pombo , invention of great importance for those who suffer from heart failure.
Also invented in Colombia were the microkeratome and keratomileusis technique, which form the fundamental basis of what now is known as LASIK one of the most important techniques for the correction of refractive errors of vision and the Hakim valve for the treatment of Hydrocephalus , among others.
Some leading Colombian scientists are Joseph M. The population growth rate for is estimated to be 0. The proportion of older persons in the total population has begun to increase substantially.
The population is concentrated in the Andean highlands and along the Caribbean coast , also the population densities are generally higher in the Andean region.
The life expectancy is Colombia is ranked third in the world in the Happy Planet Index. Including Spanish, a total of languages are listed for Colombia in the Ethnologue database.
The specific number of spoken languages varies slightly since some authors consider as different languages what others consider to be varieties or dialects of the same language.
There are currently about , speakers of native languages. Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East , all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.
The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos people living in rural areas also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms.
Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.
Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule  and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures.
Reserves resguardos established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,, hectares , In , Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Black Africans were brought as slaves , mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century.
Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.
Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East. Barranquilla the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese , Palestinian , and other Arabs.
The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. In addition to the above statistics, While Colombia remains a mostly Roman Catholic country by baptism numbers, the Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.
Colombia is a highly urbanized country. Cartagena highlights in number of inhabitants and the city of Bucaramanga is relevant in terms of metropolitan area population.
Colombia lies at the crossroads of Latin America and the broader American continent, and as such has been hit by a wide range of cultural influences.
Urban migration, industrialization, globalization, and other political, social and economic changes have also left an impression.
Cultural expressions in Colombia are promoted by the government through the Ministry of Culture. Colombian literature dates back to pre-Columbian era; a notable example of the period is the epic poem known as the Legend of Yurupary.
Colombian art has over 3, years of history. They erected raised ceremonial centres, sarcophagi , and large stone monoliths depicting anthropomorphic and zoomorphhic forms out of stone.
Colombian art has followed the trends of the time, so during the 16th to 18th centuries, Spanish Catholicism had a huge influence on Colombian art, and the popular baroque style was replaced with rococo when the Bourbons ascended to the Spanish crown.
Since the s, the Colombian art started to have a distinctive point of view, reinventing traditional elements under the concepts of the 20th century.
Carlos Correa, with his paradigmatic "Naturaleza muerta en silencio" silent dead nature , combines geometrical abstraction and cubism.
The Colombian sculpture from the sixteenth to 18th centuries was mostly devoted to religious depictions of ecclesiastic art, strongly influenced by the Spanish schools of sacred sculpture.
During the early period of the Colombian republic, the national artists were focused in the production of sculptural portraits of politicians and public figures, in a plain neoclassicist trend.
Colombian photography was marked by the arrival of the daguerreotype. Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros was who brought the daguerreotype process to Colombia in The Colombian press has promoted the work of the cartoonists.
In recent decades, fanzines , internet and independent publishers have been fundamental to the growth of the comic in Colombia.
Throughout the times, there have been a variety of architectural styles , from those of indigenous peoples to contemporary ones, passing through colonial military and religious , Republican, transition and modern styles.
Ancient habitation areas, longhouses, crop terraces , roads as the Inca road system , cemeteries, hypogeums and necropolises are all part of the architectural heritage of indigenous peoples.
Architecture during the period of conquest and colonization is mainly derived of adapting European styles to local conditions, and Spanish influence , especially Andalusian and Extremaduran , can be easily seen.
The National Capitol is a great representative of romanticism. The Caribbean architecture acquires a strong Arabic influence.
Deco style, modern neoclassicism , eclecticism folklorist and art deco ornamental resources significantly influenced the architecture of Colombia, especially during the transition period.
The contemporary architecture of Colombia is designed to give greater importance to the materials , this architecture takes into account the specific natural and artificial geographies and is also an architecture that appeals to the senses.
Colombia has a vibrant collage of talent that touches a full spectrum of rhythms. Musicians, composers, music producers and singers from Colombia are recognized internationally such as Shakira , Juanes , Carlos Vives and others.
Colombia has a diverse and dynamic musical environment. The music from the Pacific coast, such as the currulao is characterized by its strong use of drums instruments such as the native marimba , the conunos, the bass drum , the side drum and the cuatro guasas or tubular rattle.
An important rhythm of the south region of the Pacific coast is the contradanza it is used in dance shows, as a result of the striking colours of the costumes.
Important musical rhythms of the Andean Region are the danza dance of Andean folklore arising from the transformation of the European contredance , the bambuco it is played with guitar, tiple  and mandolin , the rhythm is danced by couples , the pasillo a rhythm inspired by the Austrian waltz and the Colombian "danza", the lyrics have been composed by well-known poets , the guabina the tiple, the bandola and the requinto are the basic instruments , the sanjuanero it originated in Tolima and Huila Departments, the rhythm is joyful and fast.
The instruments that distinguish the music of the Eastern Plains are the harp , the cuatro a type of four-stringed guitar and maracas. Important rhythms of this region are the joropo a fast rhythm and there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry and the galeron it is heard a lot while cowboys are working.
The music of the Amazon region is strongly influenced by the indigenous religious practices. Some popular archipelago rhythms are the Schottische , the Calypso , the Polka and the Mento.
Bundesliga - Matchday Tips 2. Bundesliga - Teams 2. Liga - Saison close 2. Liga - Tips 3. Liga - Matchday Tips 3.
Liga - Teams 3. Liga - Season close 3. Liga - Odds comparison. Predicting and betting more successful thanks to a scientifically sound prediction with the KickForm Football-Formula.
Stadium unknown City unknown. No data available yet.